Homologous refers to chromosomes that contain the same genes at corresponding loci. You have two, one for a paternal allele and another for a maternal allele.
My AP Bio final is the next two days, so I will be studying a ton… Probably meaning a lot of stuff posted on here soonish. I’ve been making handwritten study sheets for A&P which I think is enourmously helpful to making sure I know something.
Drawing or writing out something by hand is the best way to learn. That’s why I keep a sketchbook of anatomy and physiology and I love my A&P coloring book. (Definitely invest in one if you’re going into medicine!!)
I will finish off my study sheets after school is over, because after my AP Bio final I have a Gov project to finish and some Physics labs to do. Sorry if that is kinda crappy for anyone else, but I’m only one person and I’m not perfect! (Plus, making your own sheets is SOOO helpful.)
The Kidney and Nephron
I couldn’t find a “urinary/excretory system” video from my go-to bozemanbiology, but I found this… And it is so clear and concise. I may start going back through some things with KhanAcademy to see if it clarifies anything Mr. Anderson (of bozemanbiology) reviewed with me. ;)
Muscular System Study Sheet
Click to view in full!
Nervous Regulation Study Sheet
Click to view in full!
Ecology Study Sheet
Click to view in full!
Chemical Messengers Study Sheet
Click here to view in full!
Ones that are actually scientifically accurate yet still pretty decent musically. Highly recommended.
I’m sure you guys all have finals. Don’t unfollow just yet. My guidance counselor always says, "It’s not done until it’s done." Meaning studying shouldn’t necessarily stop until school is over. (Or for my case, when I graduate.) Learning is a life-long process, after all! As Gandhi would suggest in my favorite quote of his, "Live as if you’ll die tomorrow; learn as if you’ll live forever."
Haha, I actually wrote a brief post about it on my main blog here. (You read my mind!) Since I can’t talk specifics on the content of the test, I’ll stick to my thoughts on the formatting. ;)
But honestly, I thought it was difficult, in the sense that it was a challenge. I’m actually really glad it wasn’t too easy, because I think I would’ve been too confident with myself or over-thought the answers. Especially with the multiple choice. I actually managed to get through the 100 multiple choice questions of my first pass in about 30 minutes. And I seriously wasn’t even rushing; I was extremely focused. I felt like during the other two passes I was more confident in my answers. I somehow made a lot of time for myself during the multiple choice… I don’t know how, but I suppose I consider myself lucky. (Thank you, God?! Haha.)
As for the free response… I think that was the easiest part to understand out of the whole test, the only fight I had with time was getting all that I wanted to say down on the page in time. I didn’t even write any “fluffy stuff”. I made it all very concise, yet still detailed. Again, I’m actually amazed that I did it so efficiently, but I suppose that’s due to all the hard work I’ve been doing to prepare myself. (I even managed to cross-over a lot of topics with my examples, further proving how much knowledge I’ve acquired from my immense studying.)
But let me tell you… If you thought it was difficult, don’t feel discouraged, because even someone like me, who has literally been spending all her free time studying for this test, found it to be difficult. I think the game changer here, though, is how much interest and focus you can put into the test. I love biology with all my heart and, yes, I’m crazy enough to study it for fun. I truly think that makes all the difference; being passionate about something can make you do amazing things. :)
I hope it went well for you guys!! Good luck! If you don’t get a score you want, just assure yourself that you did your best and make a promise to yourself that you’ll just keep improving. :)
Just some AP Bio humor my friends posted on Facebook. Lol. Even a super-nerd like me thinks it’s funny, so it must be hilarious if even I wouldn’t get offended by it, hahha! :P
General Overview of Anatomy and Physiology
Guys. DO NOT CRAM. It will only throw you off. But I would suggest watching this video, since it’s not super specific, just to get your mind into the bio. So you’re focused and ready tomorrow. I’m actually gonna say this is the ABSOLUTE BEST type of thing you could possible watch for a quick review. Because Mr. Anderson shows you how to analyze your way through anatomy and physiology, while crossing into OTHER subjects. This is really a way to get ready for the exam. Wow.
… No. Probably not, especially if you’re just reading them and not using them to actively research and study things you need to. Simply put, if you don’t put in a lot of effort and have a good grasp of the material, no.
My study sheets are only facilitating your studying, but using those to study alone probably won’t be enough, unless you have a super good memory. (Not trying to be rude, here, but I don’t wanna get your hopes up by giving a too clear answer.)
Let me just say, there’s a huge difference between making study sheets and reading someone else’s. I recommend using them to figure out what you need to study more, by reading them through and marking whatever you need to look into more by yourself. Unless you’re doing research and making them on your own like me, it’s really not enough to study.
So for me, making the sheets was a huge way to review, since I had to research some things that I wasn’t 100% sure of. But all year I’ve been reading most of the chapters, doing a ton of practice questions, etc. I’ve also been watching review videos and listening to those videos while I’m driving. Using the review book practically every day. Just a lot of stuff that I have mentioned on the group.
Obviously I’d like to tell you that it would give you a better chance of giving you a 4 or a 5, but scores like that generally come from people who spend a lot of their free time (such as me) or from people who are just geniuses. I’ve seriously been spending practically all my free time, especially the past three months, studying every single day. (Yeah, I’m crazy, haha.)
Sorry if that’s disappointing or anything. :( But it’s the truth. High grades like this do not come easily. Especially on such a content-oriented subject like bio. You only need to know 30% of the material to get a 3 on the exam, and if you have good grades in the class, that’s probably the score you’ll get. A 3 is enough for some colleges to get credit, but my college needs at least a 4 for me to skip to the next bio class.
I cannot stress how important that question is. Regardless of how “well” you think you know your material, memorizing just the “what” will not get you as far.
So how can you combat this? Occasionally stop and quiz yourself about something you just learned. How does that process work? If you can’t explain how something works, knowing what is pointless. Unfortunately, a lot of teachers teach in an “I say, you regurgitate” type of manner, so this either requires an excellent teacher or some extra work on your part. And let’s just say statistics aren’t supporting any lazy habits you might have.
If you don’t usually do this, it can be difficult, but once you start, it becomes habit. If you need help, ask you teacher. They’re there to help you!
One way to get in some extra studying time that could be the difference between remembering something important and forgetting it is if you listen to podcasts in your car.
What if there are no podcasts on what I wanna study? Lucky for you, there’s a great YouTube channel, bozemanbiology, that has GREAT videos for AP Bio. I know those are videos, however, you can download the audio of the video with a video to mp3 website, then transfer the audio files to your iPod or a CD (if you’re like me and your car doesn’t have a AUX port or cassette deck).
This works great for both review and for enforcing the concepts you just learned!